There’s an interesting NBER working paper this week called “The Value of Democracy: Evidence from Road Building in Kenya.” The authors find that regions that share the same ethnicity as the president also get favored when it comes to road building. In the 1963 to 2011 period, these areas get twice as much roadwork funds allocated to them and have four times the amount of paved roads built.
In some sense this is unfortunate but not all that surprising. What is surprising and hopeful is that this relationship between ethnicity and roads goes away when Kenya has democratic government.
Here is a photo of a road in what must have been a president’s home region:
and here’s one perhaps from an ethnicity not as lucky: